Rick Crandall
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This site is a collection of articles on subjects that may be of interest to researchers.They are all copyrighted, however abstracting and quoting may be done without permission (although I’d like to know!) and literal copying may be allowed,contact me.

New Articles, see:
Palau: Top Dive Site in the World
Invention in San Francisco: 80 years before Silicon Valley
Castle and Conundrum – Adventure on Rock and Snow
The Phonoliszt-Violina: Ultimate Automatic Music Collectible
Mt. Belford and Mt. Oxford Climbed Under Full Moon
Kit Carson and Challenger Point

 

My Favorite 14er Climb Stories:
Sunlight Peak – a Beauty in the San Juans
Four 14ers in One Day – Emme the Wonderdog
Wetterhorn Peak
Little Bear Peak in a Snowstorm
Longs Peak – Camping at 12,700'
Pyramid Peak - A Dream Climb
Maroon Peak - A Loose Beauty

 

1966 SDS 940 and the Internet

First computer host to connect to the Internet; SDS 930; Scientific Data Systems; Stanford Research Institute (SRI); Bolt, Berenak & Newman IMP, IMP2; ARPA Network; Where the Wizards Stay Up Late;

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Rick Crandall BIO by IEEE Annals of Computing
Founding of Comshare 1966; Rick Crandall timesharing pioneer; joint development with Tymshare, U. Cal. Berkeley; interactive computing; SDS930; SDS940; Scientific Data Systems Sigma 9; timesharing operating systems; early tech IPO in 1968; Crandall Chairman of ADAPSO; ITAA; transition to software products; System W; decision support system; multi-dimensional modeling; On Line Analytical Processing (OLAP), distributed computing; Xerox PARC; interactivity; EIS; Executive Information Systems.

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Comshare Oral History: Software History Center

Starting in 1964 University of Michigan Computing Center; Joint development among Comshare (Rick Crandall), Tymshare (Tom
O’Rourke, Dave Schmidt, Ann Hardy, Norm Hardy), SDS & U Cal Berkeley (Butler Lampson, Mel Pirtle and Peter Deutsch) in 1965 to 1966; start of multiplexors and networks; transition to software; IBM partnership; ADAPSO IIA merger attempt; partnership with Dow Jones; decision support systems; EIS and Xerox PARC; Enterprise Software Roundtable – software CEO roundtable

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Invention of Graphical Executive Information Systems EIS)

influence of Xerox PARC visit in 1978; Xerox Alto; first mouse, icons, graphical human interfaces; GUI,WYSIWYG, development of Executive Information Systems 1984; EIS; touch screen graphical human factors; Commander EIS; Executive use of computers; executive computing; the CEO Goes On Line; Jack Rockart, business graphics; Strategic Information At Your Fingertips; Warren Mcfarlan at Harvard Business School teaching EIS; first ISV partnership with IBM Information Center; IBM marketing partnership with software; Comshare and Dow Jones Partnership; ITAA attempted merger with IIA.

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1986 Adapso 25th Anniversary Keynote Speech

History of computer software and services; competition with IBM, history of Adapso advocacy; formation and growth of ADAPSO; Non-tariff trade barriers; software as a distinct industry; software international balance of payments; example of ADAPSO helping ComShare transition to a software company

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1969 Time-Sharing Article

the early challenges managing time-sharing systems; load balancing, scalability, human factors; interactive languages; review of in-house vs. commercial timesharing services

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1989 Software Magazine Cover Story

Comshare partnership with IBM; EIS marketplace; IBM Cooperative Software Agreement: competition in Executive Information Systems; Execuchart; EIS Briefing Book; IBM Systems Application Architecture, SAA partners; Dow Jones partnership with a software company; partnership with MSA Management Sciences America John Imlay; Comshare transition from timesharing to a software company.

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1981 Scene Magazine Cover Story

Comshare history; Comshare timeline chronology; transition from timesharing to software; Execuchart mouse based graphics terminal; Executive team Kevin Kalkhoven; Dick Eidswick; Ian McNaught Davis; Don Devine; Wally Wrathall; Ann Arbor, Michigan’s focus on research and technology

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Apple 1: The Microcomputer Emerges

Steve Wosniak and Steve Jobs invention of the Apple 1; formation of Apple Computer Company; major improvement over the Teletype; forshadowing the eventual decline of timesharing; Southwest Technical Products PR 40 alphanumeric printer for Apple I; Larry Nelson original Apple 1 owner and sale to Rick Crandall.

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Early Music Machines

Ultimate Music Collectible: Automatic Violin-Piano

Phonoliszt-Violina: In the 1900 to 1930's the automatic music machine replaced live performers accelerated by Union pressures for uneconomic rates for performers. Many types of player pianos, orchestras (usually using organ pipes imitating wind and string instruments) grew rapidly as an early musical media for playing popular and classical tunes in restaurants, bars, skating rinks and more.

By 1910 the most difficult challenge had been mastered – the automatic violin player with real violins, called the Phonoliszt-Violina was created by the Hupfeld company. It plays with almost human-like expression with a wide range of music.

NOW: Complete
Catalog of All Original
Phonoliszt-Violina Rolls

HERE

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Peerless – First Coin Pianos

1899 roll-operated musical instruments; player piano; coin-operated machines; invention of automatic music machines; perforated roll music; pneumatic mechanisms; Engelhardt automatic piano; Alfred Dolge; Dolgeville Roth and Engelhardt; Peerless Style 44 piano; St. Johnsville factory; Harmonist; Peerless Arcadian; Peerless Wisteria; Automatic Music Company; Seybold Reed-pipe Organ co.; National Music Roll Company; nickelodeons

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Encore Automatic Banjo

The Encore Automatic Banjo is one of the first commercialized automatic coin-op music machines in1897. It operated from a perforated paper roll controlled in similar fashion to player pianos. This article is based on original company records of the American Automusic Company and the Auto-Manufacturing Company. It documents the invention of what became a widespread medium that enabled early American music such as ragtime to become a national music form. An estimated 2000 tunes were created for the Encore under the direction of W. Scott O’Conner who later formed the Connorized Music Roll Co.

NOW: Complete
Catalog of All Original
Encore Banjo Rolls

HERE

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Boyer Coin-Op Museum

1930’s Alden Scott Boyer created Chicago Coin Club and the Chicago Coin Device Museum; first coin-op machines museum; roll-operated musical instruments; player piano; coin-operated machines; perforated roll music; pneumatic mechanisms; collecting coin-op machines; Svoboda’s Nickelodeon Tavern

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Gabel’s Automatic Entertainer

1905 first record-changing multi-selection phonograph invented by John Gabel; His Automatic Machine and Tool Company competed with Victor coin operated phonograph; early competitive tactics; coin op jukebox; automatic talking machine; automatic acoustic disc phonograph; automatic needle changer;

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Penny Arcade – Mills Arcade

Caille coin-op machines; player pianos; coin-operated gambling; trade stimulators; Automatic Chime Bells; Toledo Orchestrion; Berliner Multiphone; music boxes;

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Engelhardt Banjorchestra

1915 mechanical orchestra with banjo; popularized coon songs; helped make ragtime a national music form; made by Engelhardt Piano Company; music by National Music Roll Co. roll-operated musical instruments; player piano; coin-operated machines; invention of automatic music machines; National Electric Piano Company; Peerless Model F; Connorized Music Co.; Seybold Pianos; nickelodeon; America’s most wanted music collectible

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Whitlock Automatic Harp

1899 roll-operated mechanical stringed instrument in the form of a harp; Invented by J. W. Whitlock (also famous racing Hoosier Boy speedboat) of Rising Sun, Indiana; Marketed by Wurlitzer; operates like player piano; music machines; coin-operated machines; automatic music perforated roll music; pneumatic mechanisms; electric harp; coin-op music; Popper

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Popper Orchestrion

1910 German made mechanical orchestra shipped through newly opened Panama Canal to Nevada city, California to play in a gold rush saloon owned by Ernie Schreiber; Popper Felix orchestrion coin op music; paper roll-operated orchestra; European automatic music machine; classical music machine; nickel-a-tune music; perforated roll-operated orchestra

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1981 Ann Arbor Scene Magazine Article

Coin-operated musical instruments; Gay 90’s America; coin-op nickelodeon Encore Automatic Banjo; Mills Novelty Company slot machines; Violano Virtuoso automatic violin player; scuba underwater photography; Wildflower photography.

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Early Inventions
Cash Register History

James Ritty invention of the cash register 1878; Incorruptible Cashier; Cash Recording Machine first cash register; National Cash Register Company (NCR) founded by John Patterson, history of marketing; selling through the eye; antitrust competition; antitrust lawsuit; Kruse Cash Register first total adder; Thomas Watson Sr.fired from NCR, founded IBM from International Time Recording Company, Computer-Tabulating-Recording; THINK placard; Rick Crandall and Sam Robins authors.

Out of print but some available: Purchase hard cover,
soft cover or digital on CD HERE

 

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Pelstar, LLC: 91 Years evolution of the Health o meter
Doctors beam scale; Rick Crandall, Chairman.

Invention of the bath scale, doctor's scale, beam scale; 91 years from 1919 to today's electronic scale measuring height, weight and computing BMI and transmitting to electronic medical records (EMR's) compliant with "meaningful use" requirements of Obamacare. Story of corporate rise, decline and rise again – resilience of a market-leading brand: Health o meter.

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Invention in San Francisco: 80 Years before Silicon Valley

The 1890's: Pioneering risk-takers defined by the California Gold Rush; battle-tested by the 1906 earthquake; Charlie Fey invents the Liberty Bell slot machine creating an industry that persists to this day.

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Climbing Colorado’s Fourteeners Equipment Checklist
Four Fourteeners in One Day

For Trip Report Click Here

Starting in Fairplay, a Colorado western town that is a museum of old cowboy town buildings; summiting Mt. Democrat, Mt. Cameron, Mt. Lincoln & Mt. Bross in one day with Emme the Australian Terrier who climbs mountains;
For Aspen Times Article, Click here

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Pyramid Peak – a Dream Climb

Pyramid Peak near Aspen, one of the most challenging fourteeners with its narrow ledges, Leap of Faith, Class 4 Green Wall and the impressive Amphitheater; climbed during fall aspen colors with climbing expert Andy Mishmash.

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Maroon Peak – the main peak of the Maroon Bells
The Maroon Bells near Aspen are generally recognized as the most photographed peaks in North America, especially during Fall colors. Climbing them is an adventure –

a mix of pleasures – Class 3 rock climbing, dealing with a notoriously loose mountian, a very long approach slope and narrow ledges, steep gullies and one of the most beautiful 360 views in Colorado from the summit.

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Mt. Sneffels 14,150’

Starting in Ouray, a Colorado classic western town in the San Juan Range; Hiking, climbing one of the most picturesque of Colorado’s peaks over 14,000’ altitude.

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Wetterhorn Peak: A Class 3 /4 Adventure

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Wetterhorn notches up in difficulty the fourteener adventures. This climb was done with the leadership of Andy Mishmash, a friend and highly accomplished Class 5++ ice and rock climber.


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Mt. Lindsey: Full Moon Campout and a Class 3, Loose Gulley Climb
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Mt. Lindsey is one of the new Class of climbs we're doing – loose, steep gullies and playing roulette with the weather.


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Little Bear Peak in a Snowstorm – Class 4
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Little Bear Peak – standard route judged to be the most difficult standard route of all Colorado fourteeners, and I learned why. Accessible up the worst road in Colorado. We ran into a bear raid and a snowstorm to boot – a multiple adventure.

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Sunlight Peak – a Beauty in the San Juans
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Sunlight Peak is great rock climbing fun and in the most beautiful Range in Colorado. It is accessed from Chicago Basin which is accessed by a 7 mile backpack after riding an historic narrow-gauge train ride and jumping off between Durango and Silverton.

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Longs Peak – Camping at 12,700'
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Longs Peak is one of the most aggressive Class 3 mountains featuring named pitches starting at the "keyhole." The "ledges", "the trough," "the narrows," and "homestretch."

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More Fourteener Stories
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There are 54 mountains in Colorado with summits over 14,000 feet in elevation (only 13 others in California and Mt. Rainier in Washington).  They are ranked in five classes of difficulty, Class 1 being a walkup, Class 3 being hand-over-hand climbing and Class 5 is technical – experts using climbing equipment.

Each mountain has a personality, each with its own beauty and challenges.
Click Here for More Climbs


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Adventures
Diving in Palau – Perhaps the Top Dive Spot in the World

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Brett and Rick on a dive adventure beginning with the tail end of Typhoon Haiyen and then featuring sharks, mantas, caves, wrecks, a lake with 5 million jellyfish and the elusive but astonishing Mandarin fish.

We were on a live-aboard, the Ocean Hunter I, a small boat well-suited to our quest for adventure.

 

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Galapagos Diving: Hammerheads, Orcas and Riding a Whale Shark!

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Brett and Rick:
The Galapagos’ remote islands of Wolf and Darwin has some of the most exciting “big fish” diving with Galapagos Sharks, Orcas, Sea Lions, hundreds of Hammerhead sharks and the biggest fish in the ocean – the Whale Shark.

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Other Publications
Corporate BOARD MEMBER – Giga Chairman

Giga Information Group; technology advisory; separation of Chairman and CEO; non-executive chairman; independent chairman; Board governance; Board of Directors organization

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Colorado Mountain Living

Combine work, fitness, active lifestyle in mountain setting, Aspen, Colorado

Wall St. Journal Article
Wall St. Journal Web Photos
Mountain Living Magazine
Totem Pole Lore

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A Soldier’s Personal Account of World War II

Nat Crandall in the historic 45th (Thunderbird) Division landing at Anzio Beach; following Patton across France; crossing the Siegfried Line; Bronze star heroics; fighting the German
Winter Elite troops, Dachau liberation – and the saving of Holocaust Torah Scrolls: restoring and Putting them back into service 51 years later.

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